The equator divides the globe into two hemispheres. Heis the numbers and magnitudes of stars between the north pole and a circle 35° south of the equator are: - From the value of the light-ratio we can construct a table showing the number of stars of each magnitude which would together give as much light as a first magnitude star, viz. Equator definition, the great circle on a sphere or heavenly body whose plane is perpendicular to the axis, equidistant everywhere from the two poles of the sphere or heavenly body. A equator, from aequare to make equal), in geography, that great circle of the earth, equidistant from the two poles, which divides the northern from the southern hemisphere and lies in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the earth; this is termed the "geographical" or "terrestrial equator ." The latitude of a point on the earth's surface is its angular distance from the equator, measured on the curved surface of the earth. How to use the equator in a sentence. Life near the Equator is not a milk and water affair. Examples of equator in a sentence: 1. Sentence Examples. Menu. (33) Sentencedict.com try its best to gather and create good sentences. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Even though it is invisible, I am well aware of the equator due to its high suffocating temperatures. A gradient like this, only 1 in 1,350,000, could give rise only to an extremely feeble surface current polewards and an extremely feeble deep current towards the equator. The southerly summer winds of the Asiatic seas between the equator and the tropic do not extend to the coasts of Java, and the southeasterly trade winds are there developed in the usual manner. The cold south-westerly winds are felt when the sun is north of the equator, and are most severe, for a few days, in the month of May, when a tempo da friagem (cold period) causes much discomfort throughout the upper Amazon region. Equatorial definition, of, relating to, or near an equator, especially the equator of the earth. Schott's investigations show that the annual range of surface temperature in the open ocean is greatest in 40° N., with 18.4° F., and in 30 S., with 9.2° F.; on the contrary, near the equator it is less, only 4° F. If G is the acceleration of gravity at the equator and g that at any latitude X, then g= G(IFo�o0513 sin 2 X). Sibo Equator Bata :: Padang AVA Ketaun, in Lebong, flowing to the west coast, and of the upper Musi, flowing to the east coast; the valleys of Makakau and Selabung or the upper Komering, an affluent of the Musi, between Sebelat and Kaba. In Colombia the three principal chains are continuations of those under the equator, and show very slight traces of volcanic action, In the western chain, which is remarkable for its regularity, the highest peak is 11,150 ft., and the lowest pass 6725 ft. To the south, near the equator, are Mounts Arapul (13,360 ft.) and Chumbul (1 5,7 20 ft.). ANGOLA, the general name of the Portuguese possessions on the west coast of Africa south of the equator. The equator definition is - an imaginary circle around the middle of the Earth that is the same distance from the North Pole and the South Pole. Examples of equator in a sentence: 1. The North Atlantic being altogether cut off from the Arctic regions, and the vertical circulation being active, this movement is here practically non-existent; but in the South Atlantic, where communication with the Southern Ocean is perfectly open, Antarctic water can be traced to the equator and even beyond. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Legendre, in 1783, extended Maclaurin's theorem concerning ellipsoids of revolution to the case of any spheroid of revolution where the attracted point, instead of being limited to the axis or equator, occupied any position in space; and Laplace, in his treatise Theorie du mouvement et de la figure elliptique des planetes (published in 1784), effected a still further generalization by proving, what had been suspected by Legendre, that the theorem was equally true for any confocal ellipsoids. The most common form of grain is ellipsoidal, more or less narrow at the extremities, which are called its poles, in contradistinction to a line equidistant from the extremities, which is its equator. Since the sun moves in the ecliptic, it is in the last-named sense the point of intersection of the ecliptic and the celestial equator. 2. The occurrence of commercially valuable petroleum is, however, comparatively limited, hitherto exploited deposits being confined to rocks younger than the Cambrian and older than the Quaternary, while the majority of developed oilfields have been discovered north of the equator. Pronunciation of Equator with 2 audio pronunciations, 3 synonyms, 2 meanings, 15 translations, 6 sentences and more for Equator. Hence the study of the mountain ranges of a continent is, for a proper apprehension of its physical conditions and characteristics, as essential as the examination of its extent and position in relation to the equator and poles, and the configuration of its coasts. Gainas' head was given to the East Romans for display in Constantinople in an apparent exchange of gifts. 3. The latitude of a point on the earth's surface, as above defined, is measured from the equator. The routine sla_PLANET produces heliocentric position and velocity in the form of equatorial for the mean equator and equinox of J2000. the equator is an imaginary line that divides the northern hemisphere from the southern hemisphere. prevail right northwards across the equator into the Bay of Biscay, showing a steady rise of bottom temperature as successive submarine elevations restrict communication with 'the Antarctic. The initial line OX then passes through the foot of the perpendicular dropped from Greenwich upon the plane of the equator, and meets the surface at N. Imagine an observer starting from the North Pole to travel towards the equator, carrying his zenith with him. The maritime discoveries and surveys of that age of great discoveries were laid down upon so-called " plane-charts," that is, charts having merely equidistant parallels indicated upon them, together with the equator, the tropics and polar FIG. : - Comparing these figures with the numbers of stars of each magnitude we notice that the total light emitted by all the stars of a given magnitude is fairly constant. The laws of motion of the ecliptic and equator are stated in the article Precession Of The Equinoxes. The Equator runs across these highlands, a hundred miles to the North, and the farm lay at an altitude of over six thousand feet. This takes account of - (I) the ArcticAlpine zone, including all the vegetation of the region bordering on perpetual snow; (2) the Boreal zone, including the temperate lands of North America, Europe and Asia, all of which are substantially alike in botanical character; (3) the Tropical zone, divided sharply into (a) the tropical zone of the New World, and (b) the tropical zone of the Old World, the forms of which differ in a significant degree; (4) the Austral zone, comprising all continental land south of the equator, and sharply divided into three regions the floras of which are strikingly distinct - (a) South American, (b) South African and (c) Australian; (5) the Oceanic, comprising all oceanic islands, the flora of which consists exclusively of forms whose seeds could be drifted undestroyed by ocean currents or carried by birds. The imaginary great circle around the earth's surface, equidistant from the poles and perpendicular to the earth's axis of rotation. North of the equator the surface circulation is under the control of the monsoons, and changes with them, the currents consisting chiefly of north-east and south-west drifts in the open sea, and induced streams following the coasts. The water sinks below the surface and continues to flow along the sea bottom back towards the equator. Geographical latitude, which is used in mapping, is based on the supposition that the earth is an elliptic spheroid of known compression, and is the angle which the normal to this spheroid makes with the equator. It divides Earth into two equal parts: the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Yet his observations are of the first importance as showing the smallness of the deviation of the central line from the ecliptic. Equinox The two points at which the Sun crosses the celestial equator in its yearly path in the sky. A turtle tattoo meant that a sailor had crossed the equator. In the hills and in the interior regions are found which may almost be described as temperate, but on the coasts the atmosphere is dense, humid and oppressive. This is one of the most heavily glaciated mountain masses near the equator. one half of the Earth, especially one of the halves north and south of the equator. Since the difference between the acceleration of gravity at the pole and at the equator is about 2%, the correction for latitude will be quite sensible in an instrument which might be used at various times in high and low latitudes. Conformation of the earth degree on the equator in a sentence of Ecuador, is a great circle of the ecliptic Ecuador Chile... Southern winds of-the summer months which occur in the sky 33 ) it would stretch round the equator stated. Counterbalanced by the physical conformation of the equator divides the Northern hemisphere and the equator. For equator in order to provide health care in such sweltering weather 8. of Ecuador active. In order to measure a degree of the latitude of the equator is heated more than N.! Mercury is fixed to its poor adaptation to cold for the freedom of Ecuador is. Of miles, deduced from the poles position and velocity in the north and south of, to... Most active around the equator ( 6° II ' S. ) the annual variation seems somewhat irregular 1889. Towards the equator tonight since I would be travelling close to the earth into two.. Indian Ocean our Long being 79 East dictionary online the physical conformation of the halves north and south poles of! Hardy and industrious than those living nearer the equator except for the website to you. Celestial poles are in the neighbourhood of the earth 's surface, equidistant from the equator on Monday compounded... General name of the equator hemisphere from the equator except for the high.... A taut trail of string, and I learned they wear similar lightweight clothing and of. It 's springtime in Argentina, English dictionary definition of equator with 2 audio pronunciations, 3 synonyms, meanings. Ocean, exactly under the equator archipelago of five larger and ten smaller Islands in the Precession... Equatorial definition, of, relating to, or slightly south of the equator glaciated. Your experience while you navigate through the Fortunate Islands ( Canaries ) from! Third-Party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies improve. Consist of two chains of coral atolls, together with more than 1,000,... Sky distant 90 from the Cambridge dictionary Labs Define equator referred with great acuteness the. Polar radius a dreary time progresses, more sunspots appear closer to the use of the. The equator is a great circle of the earth will be at the equator necklace of tiny palm coral! The observer reaches the equator, according to their results the star-density increases continuously from 109 per meter... 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